The quantum entanglement of a large ensemble of spins in a semiconductor has been carried out at room temperature for the first time, by researchers in the US. The team entangled more than 10,000 copies of two-qubit entangled states in a commercial silicon-carbide (SiC) wafer at ambient conditions. SiC is widely used in electronics, so this latest achievement could be an important step towards the creation of sophisticated quantum devices that harness entanglement.
Entanglement is a purely quantum-mechanical phenomenon that allows two or more particles to have a much closer relationship than is allowed by classical physics, no matter how far apart they may be. The states of entangled particles are inextricably linked such that any change made to one particle instantly influences the state of the other. Entangled particles are seen as a key component of quantum computers, but for entanglement to be truly utilized in practical applications, researchers must be able to entangle quantum bits (qubits) at room temperature and preserve the entangled state.